Interview | TeachersPayTeachers Millions of Dollars

For Paul Edelman, venturing out in business on his own was just a matter of time. After teaching for four years in New York City public schools, he was struck by the concept of an open marketplace for teacher-created materials. “I knew how valuable good materials were—all teachers know this as they seek out the best stuff from their colleagues,” Paul says. “And, usually, when we value something, we are willing to trade money for it.” Though assigning monetary value to teacher-created materials hadn’t been tried before in quite the same way as Paul was envisioning, he was confident it would work. “I knew that I would have paid for materials created by great teachers if they were only made available,” he says. With the rise of the Internet and user-generated content, Paul thought it was the perfect time to give this idea a try. And now, millions of dollars in teacher-author earnings later and with an established and ever-expanding quality resource hub for teachers—he’s glad he did.

Victor: What does the name mean?

Paul: Though a few mistake it for Teacher Spay Teachers from time to time, I’m happy to report that we aren’t into peer sterilizations. In fact, it couldn’t be simpler: on TeachersPayTeachers (TpT), teachers pay other teachers for their original teaching materials, not just to save time from nonstop lesson planning—which is a significant part of the job after school hours and on weekends—but to gain inspiration and to leap ahead in effectiveness and competency.

Victor: What is it, exactly?
Paul: TpT is an open marketplace for teacher-created materials, sort of like an eBay or an Etsy for lesson plans, units, activities, projects, exams, powerpoints, smartboard activities, etc. It’s a place where teachers who love curriculum development can open up shop and sell their materials to teachers who thrive on delivery more than creation. It’s symbiotic and elegant, I think!

Victor: What does it do and what are the benefits?

Paul: It’s essentially a teacher2teacher platform for buying/selling/sharing a large catalog of resources driven by free market forces. But there is a ton of material for free! As of December 2011 out of 130,000 curriculum products, over 16,000 are free, something we highly encourage. I think the benefits on the buyer side are easy to see. They save a lot of time and discover great teacher-tested ideas that just work. But on the seller side, the benefits are even greater, and I’m not just talking about the supplemental earning possibilities which can be very significant—in fact, our best seller has earned over $400,000 thus far, 95 percent of that in the past year alone. More interesting even than that—although that is pretty darned sweet—is how it impacts one’s career. A TpT seller suddenly finds herself an educational publisher. To be successful, you have to really think hard about your own practice, your methodologies and how you present them on paper or digitally. You must be even more creative than before and you have to keep your materials fresh and highly polished. Bottom line, it makes you a far better teacher. Oh, and the extra cash makes you feel like a professional who is getting compensated appropriately. It might even keep you in the profession longer than the 5 year average exit. That’s good for everyone.

Victor: Wow. We’ll be interviewing some of those teacher-authors here—readers stay tuned. How else is it unique? Anyone doing the very same thing? 

Paul: We were the first and are still the largest company offering such an open marketplace for teacher-created materials. Other places are popping up where teachers can sell their work, and all the free and open source materials on the internet are also friendly competition to our model. I think our approach is the most sustainable and will lead to the highest quality and largest quantity of materials being made available by teachers. If you spend 3 days, 3 weeks or even 3 years developing a unit plan, you don’t necessarily want to give it away to everyone for free. Yes, you share it with your local colleagues. But then you post in on TpT and sell it to the rest of the country and the world if they are willing to give you a few bucks for it. This motivates you to constantly revise and make it better, and to continue creating the best teaching resources you possibly can.

Victor: When was it developed? Any interesting story here? 

Paul: I had the idea in October 2005 and launched it in April 2006. I got very lucky with an AP article about its launch a couple months later in June. Many don’t know this, but the CEO of Scholastic read that article and ended up acquiring TpT in December of that year. I signed a 3 year contract to run it for them, but in the throes of the economic recession of 2008, Scholastic made millions in budget cuts and that left TpT—which was gaining ground but slowly at the time—on the chopping block. I had to fight really hard to save it from being shuttered and ended up making a deal to buy it back completely in March 2009. Again, glad I did. Now we are cranking with millions in earnings by teachers to date, soon to be tens of millions.

Victor: How does the business model work? 
Paul: We earn a commission on sales and we also have a premium subscription option for sellers.

Victor: How much does it cost? What are the options?

Paul: Buyers/browsers register for free and purchase a la carte. On the seller side there are two options. The first is a Basic Seller membership which is free. Basic Sellers keep 60 percent of their sales less 30 cents per item sold. We encourage everyone to start at this level and then when they begin to see some sales to upgrade to a Premium membership which costs $59.95 annually but enables Premium Sellers to keep a full 85 percent of their sales. It works out pretty well for the sellers.

Victor: What are some examples of it in action?
Paul: A young teacher is exhausted and overwhelmed. She needs to start teaching The Hunger Games next week, but hasn’t been able to extensively plan for it yet.

In fact, she’s still rereading the book. She asked some veterans at her school for help and they were gracious to offer some lesson ideas, even a final exam.

But this teacher needs more.

She logs on to TpT and does a keyword search for “The Hunger Games Unit Plan” and is returned hundreds of results from great teachers across the US, Canada and Australia. She reads the product descriptions, takes a look at the preview files and thumbnails screenshots, reviews the ratings and comments left by previous teacher-buyers and then adds her choices to her shopping cart and makes the purchase. She turns that receipt into her school and gets reimbursed, ideally.

Now she has virtually everything she needs.

With a little tweaking and personalizing to meet the needs of her own students, she can focus on delivering it as best she can rather than wasting precious time recreating the wheel. This is a big win for her students, and she is grateful for that. After using the materials she purchased in her classroom, she returns to TpT to rate and comment upon them so other teachers can benefit from her evaluations. The sellers then take that feedback to heart and create even better curricular products, helping them earn ever more for the expertise and hard work.

The virtuous cycle continues.

Victor: Who is it particularly tailored for? Who is it not for?
Paul: TpT is for all teachers inside and outside formal environments. We are open to higher education but almost all of our participants and materials are preK-12.

Victor: Any critics, what are they saying, and what’s your stance/response to them?

Paul: There are those who think everything in education should be free, but that is a fantasy. Would they ask other content creators to give away their intellectual property for free? Should J.K. Rowling not charge for her books? Or Coldplay for their music? Why should teacher-authors be treated any differently?

Victor: What are your thoughts on education these days?
Paul: It’s experiencing some angst. It’s struggling in poor and rural areas because, there, it’s having a hard time attracting and retaining great educators. Conditions are tough. But it’s also better than many would let on.

There are great schools in our country, both traditional public schools as well as innovative charters. I don’t agree with a lot of the rhetoric out there that we don’t know what good schooling looks like, that we don’t know how to teach, that we need billions in research to figure it out. I don’t buy this idea that it’s stuck in some “19th-century industrial model”. Most good teachers don’t teach like that anymore.

There is no secret to a great school. Hire great teachers and administrators and let them work their magic.

Some say that’s not possible to do “at scale” so they are looking for culprits (the unions) and solutions (through technology) that I think are part of the solution, but also often just a distraction from what I think is the real solution. That is, to find, train, retain and sustain 3.2 million great teachers.

We can only do that if we made it a national priority.

Something has to be our national priority, why not this?

I’m happy to be proved wrong. If anyone has an argument that proves that finding 3.2 million great teachers is impossible, please email me at If it’s not impossible, then let’s do it. As my dad always said, where there’s a will there’s a way.

Victor: How does TeachersPayTeachers address some of your concerns about education?
Paul: TpT helps teachers share what works and it provides a real world incentive to make that sharing particularly valuable on both sides of the transaction. What results is more effective and happier teachers.

Victor: What is your outlook on the future of education?
Paul: I am optimistic. I think that what normally results from a period of deep reflection—which is where the industry is now—is something better. There will be fits and starts, returns to the good old days and surprising advances, there will be lots of disagreement and discord, but in the end, we should be better off.


Victor Rivero tells the story of 21st-century education transformation. He is the editor-in-chief of EdTech Digest, a magazine about education transformed through technology. He has written white papers, articles and features for schools, nonprofits and companies in the education marketplace. Write to:

  • Shelley Gray


    Fantastic article! As a TpT author, I can truly say that Teachers Pay Teachers is transforming the educational marketplace. It is a win-win situation for all involved. Teachers win when they download AMAZING resources for free or very inexpensively (as compared to those sold in larger teacher stores) and teacher-authors win as they become highly reflective during the creation process…and earn a supplemental income as they do it! Thank you Paul, for making TpT such an awesome opportunity for all of us!


  • Amy Brown


    Thank you so much for posting such an excellent article on TeachersPayTeachers. The site has literally thousands of very high quality FREE products for all ages and all subject areas. I am so grateful that Paul Edelman had the vision to start

  • Rachel Lynette


    It always surprises me when people are upset that teachers are selling their lesson plans rather than giving them away for free. Often these same teachers are happy to pay for materials from large educational publishers. Most of the sellers on Teachers Pay Teachers do in fact offer many products for free. About a third of the 162 products in my Teachers Pay Teachers store are free. They have been downloaded thousands of times. If TpT did not exist, neither would those free products (as well as free products from hundreds of other sellers).

  • Rachelle Smith


    Teachers Pay Teachers has changed the way I teach! I am a better teacher because of it! I am able to access teacher created {and teacher approved} materials to use in my own classroom. I am also an author on TpT and I’ve made enough money to help pay off my car, buy a laptop, and give back to my community and school!

    Thanks Paul! You are an inspiration to us all! Never give up on your vision!

  • Deanna Jump


    Thank you for writing a great article about Teachers Pay Teachers. I love the fact that it explains in detail the ins and outs of TPT. Paul has built a wonderful resource for both buyers and sellers. If you have ever thought about selling your materials there is no better time to join than NOW! Why not make this your New Year’s resolution…. make some extra money while helping out other educators at the same time. Another great feature of TPT is the seller’s forum. This is a place where sellers can share successes, ask advice and help and support each other. What are you waiting for? could be your success story!

  • Rachel Friedrich


    I just ventured into the world of TpT and have been thrilled so far. I never even thought that other teachers would be interested in anything I made since I am a substitute teacher. But the response has been extremely positive, and my beliefs that substitutes are teachers too is being affirmed. Thank you, Paul, for creating a community for all teachers to share!

  • Cheryl


    Teacher pay Teachers has provided a forum for professionals in education to collaborate and has offered a renewed inspiration in my career. We easily drop dollars for a fast food meal which satisfies our hunger for 6 hours. Why not spend 2, 3, or 5 dollars and feed the educational hunger of 20 students for a lifetime?!? I am grateful for Paul and TpT!!

  • Laura Torres


    I first found Teachers pay Teachers when I was looking for a final exam that I didn’t have the time or expertise to write myself. I found a perfect match for $3.00. It saved me a huge headache and hours of time. I became a seller shortly afterward with my curriculum for upper high school grades. I’ve found a whole new outlet for my lesson plans and a whole community of like-minded educators. Win-win-win!

  • Fisher Reyna Education


    This was a great article for Teachers pay Teachers! TpT provides an excellent platform to teachers and parents for high quality resources from top educators. Easy access and ease of use make it particularly attractive to meet a large range of needs from daily lesson plans, to specific content needs, to large scale planning designed to supplement or reinforce curriculum. Way to go Paul!

  • Wise Guys


    This site has transformed me as a teacher. I am re-energized to help contribute my lessons and activities to this site, and to find other creative ideas that the thousands of people are sharing as well. As a teacher, there are so many hours spent outside of the classroom preparing and critiquing lessons. I am happy that there is an online community where teachers can not only share their ideas, but can find new ones as well!

  • TchrBrowne


    A great article on TpT! I love the site and go there first when I am looking for new teaching resources. It has helped me create a better curriculum for my students and they love discovering my new “finds”.

  • Scipi


    Paul is an inspiration to all of us. He is accessible, and always doing something to better the TPT site. I now teach on the college level, but many of my products for middle school and high school have sold well on Teachers Pay Teachers. I say that just so people will know that there is more than K-2 products offered on this site. Check it out for yourself.

  • Deborah Hayes


    Teachers Pay Teachers is a fantastic place for teachers to share, learn, and collaborate, and thank you for writing such an informative article. Teachers are always strapped for time, and on TPT they can find tried and true materials from the best teachers, often for free, that can help them plan the greatest lessons for their students! Students win, teachers win! Thanks Paul!

    aka HappyEdugator

  • MrsMc


    I lurked on Teachers Pay Teachers for a long time before actually downloading products. Soon, I realized how valuable TPT really was especially to a new teacher. I am now a seller and I can’t speak more positively about how excellent TPT is. It benefits teachers and sellers. Just excellent…


  • Gene Wohlsdorf


    I enjoyed the article. As an old, retired teacher, now TpT teacher-author, I will simply add, we teachers don’t get into this business to get rich. We truly love what we do. We need materials to make our lives a little more manageable. TpT is an incredibly effective way to network ideas and promote innovation. If the legislators want to tweak something to improve test scores, they should be looking at the system, not spanking kids and teachers for low test scores. Just my opinion. Thanks, Paul. Great idea. Took a lot of courage to make this happen.

  • MsJordanReads


    Teachers Pay Teachers (TpT) has been an amazing opportunity for teacher-authors to showcase their creativity and share quality resources they’ve created with fellow educators globally. For those seeking lesson plans and materials to supplement their own toolboxes, TpT is the perfect one-stop place for your classroom! TpT has been a springboard for educators, offering inspiration and fresh ideas for teaching. Thank you Paul for bringing this amazing professional community to life!


  • Patricia R. White


    I really enjoyed reading this article about Teachers Pay Teachers. I am a TpT author as well as buyer. Not only do I create materials that help other teachers, but I also purchase items created and tested by teachers for use in my own classroom. In addition, TpT has a forum where educators are very supportive and always willing to help me whenever I have a question concerning the promotion of my material, constructive feedback, etc… I am proud to say that I am a member of this great organization. Thank you Paul, for allowing teachers to share their knowledge and creativity as well as make a few extra dollars in a difficult economy!


  • Fergy


    I have really enjoyed my time at TpT. I’ve been selling since February and have made some decent money but that’s not the main thing. In order to get the best products in my store, I’ve had to redo my lessons and improve them. I’ve done this and even if I never sell another lesson, I know I will be a better educator with more effective teaching materials. It has even inspired me to start my own website which I’ve utilized to make more money. The site focuses on lessons and teaching tips. If you are interested have a look –



  • Ron Francis


    Thanks for the insightful article! I enjoyed reading the backstory of Paul Edelman and Teachers Pay Teachers. It has truly become a resourceful site for beginning and veteran teachers, as well as a creative outlet for many of us. I have used the site for many years, and have just recently started posting some of my own resources.
    Congratulations to Paul, for promoting collegiality and pride in the teaching profession!

    Ron Francis
    IQ – Interactive Quizzes

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